In order for mobile real-time communication to be widely used for the benefit of the global economy, 5G will become the de facto standard and offer a reliable mobile network. But why is this time different? The solution is simple. The most responsive mobile network ever built by humans, 5G Voip is more than just another network and will foster innovation. The only mobile network that can scale into the future, with more mobile devices in use than ever before, is 5G.
Let’s dive into it.
Network Latency Is 5G’s Biggest Advantage
The amount of time it takes a device to communicate with the network is referred to as network latency. You don’t realize latency exists until it causes an issue. When latency is high, it takes longer for your device to transmit your commands to the network. High latency can cause disconnected or low-quality audio and video calls, video buffering, and other issues. 5G Voip can offer a solution to this problem!
The Specs of 4G, LTE, and 5G
Around 16 ms is the typical LTE round-trip latency. In contrast, 5G will provide a latency of approximately 9ms. Devices that rely on networks will thrive in environments with low latencies.
Radio frequencies are used by mobile networks to broadcast. While 3G operated between 400 MHz and 3 GHz, current 4G networks broadcast at frequencies below 6 GHz.
In comparison to present 4G networks, 5G Voip networks will transmit between 30 to 300 GHz at a rate of more than 20 times quicker. For the typical user, this is the same as carrying around a fiber optic internet connection that can connect to the network more quickly than ever.
Why Does Network Latency Matter in VoIP Technologies?
VoIP, the cloud, and the Internet of Things (IoT) have transformed the way we communicate, share data, and connect. Every action we take, from making a video call to uploading a photo, puts a strain on our mobile networks.
During periods of high usage, 4G networks lack the architecture to prioritize packets. Latencies increase as the network becomes congested, limiting your ability to interact with it. This can cause stuttering, skipping, and call drop-offs when making a voice or video call.
Quality of Service (QoS) & 5G VoIP
QoS is as important for VoIP technologies as it is for anything else, but when it comes to communications, perfect isn’t good enough. 5G Voip promises massive QoS improvements over current 4G networks. These enhancements include:
- Reduced latency
- increased throughput
- The network is always available.
- Block error ratios as low as 0.00001 per ms improve reliability (4G has 0.01)
- Jitter reduction to 10-100 ms
- Sensor devices’ bandwidth has been increased (from 100 Kbps to hundreds of Mbps)
Network slicing, defined by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers as the process of allocating “the network computing, storage, and communication resources among the active services with the goal of ensuring their isolation and given performance levels,” is another critical feature of 5G Voip.
The 5G Radio Access Network (RAN) architecture is built on three network categories:
- Enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) devices have high capacity, speed, and dynamic bandwidth. This network category includes ultra-high-definition (UHD) videos, virtual reality, and other high-bandwidth devices.
- Devices that require high reliability, availability, and low latency are referred to as ultra-reliable and low-latency communications (uRLLC). This network category includes voice and video communication, VoIP technologies, autonomous vehicles, and devices that require low latency.
- Massive machine-type communications (mMTC) refers to devices with high capacity and speed, as well as dynamic bandwidth allocation. This network category includes Internet of Things (IoT) devices, sensors, and other smart devices that require network availability and performance.
The solution to common QoS VoIP issues is network slicing. A network must provide low latency and enough bandwidth to transmit relevant data between the two parties communicating in order to ensure high-quality VoIP communications. uRLLC will accomplish this by ensuring that VoIP services have access to the resources they require.